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166                 HISTORY OF PERSIA                CHAP.
intrepid soldier, who alone of the monarchs of the period
faced the dreaded Mongols, engaged the foe. His right
wing broke the left wing of the enemy, which it pursued
as far north as Kashan, and Jalal-u-Din thought the day
won ; but on advancing he was attacked by a Mongol
corps dllite which broke his left wing. The Sultan cut
his way through, and although reported dead reappeared,
at Isfahan after the Mongols had retreated with heavy
The Single Combats of Jalal-u-Din.—Jalal-u-Din was
now called upon to face a confederation of Georgians,
Alans, Lesgians, and Kipchaks. He detached the last-
named tribe by reminding them how he had saved the
life of many of them during the reign of his father, and
by way of a spectacle to both armies proposed to fight
the champions of the Georgians. Having killed success-
ively a noted warrior and his three sons, he was attacked
by a huge giant. His horse was fatigued, but nothing
daunted the gallant soldier leapt to the ground, disarmed
his opponent and killed him. Truly an amazing feat!
He then gave the signal, and his horsemen fell upon
the army of the Georgians, which fled before them,
In A'.H. 626 (1229) Jalal-u-Din made peace with the
Caliph, who, in return for having his name restored in
the public prayers, conferred on the monarch the title of
Shah-in-Shah, while refusing that of Sultan.
His Escapes from the Mongols and his Death, A.H. 628
(1231).—The Mongol army under Chormaghun, the
despatch of which has been already mentioned, found
Jalal-u-Din unprepared. Indeed he was surprised in the
Moghan plain where he was waiting for his army to
assemble, and barely succeeded in escaping. After this
his role was that of a fugitive, unable to meet the Mongol
army, whose general was particularly anxious to effect his
capture. He held Ganja for a time, and, after one more
narrow escape from the Mongols, was killed by a Kurdish
tribesman who was looking out for refugees to plunder.
Thus ended the brilliant career of one of the bravest
and most enterprising  soldiers who ever lived.     Hadj
Jalal-u-Din possessed the greater qualities of general of